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Factories Act, 1948



FULL TEXT OF THE ACT

Chapter I - Preliminary

 1    Short title, extent and commencement
 2    Interpretation
 3    References to time of day
 4    Power to declare different departments to be separate factories or two or more factories to be a single factory
 5    Power to exempt during public emergency
 6    Approval, licensing and registration of factories
 7    Notice by occupier
 7-A    General duties of the occupier
 7-B    General duties of manufactures, etc. as regards articles and substances for use in factories.

Chapter II - The Inspection Staff

 8    Inspectors
 9    Powers of Inspectors
 10    Certifying surgeons

Chapter III - Health

 11    Cleanliness
 12    Disposal of wastes and effluents
 13    Ventilation and temperature
 14    Dust and fume
 15    Artificial humidification
 16    Overcrowding
 17    Lighting
 18    Drinking water
 19    Latrines and urinals
 20    Spittoons

Chapter IV - Safety

 21    Fencing of machinery
 22    Work on or near machinery in motion
 23    Employment of young persons on dangerous machines
 24    Striking gear and devices for cutting off power
 25    Self-acting machines
 26    Casing of new machinery
 27    Prohibition if employment of women and children near cotton openers
 28    Hoists and lifts
 29    Lifting machines, chains, ropes and lifting tackles
 30    Revolving machinery
 31    Pressure plant
 32    Floors, stairs and means of access
 33    Pits, sumps, opening in floors, etc
 34    Excessive weights
 35    Protection of eyes
 36    Precautions against dangerous fumes, gases, etc.
 36-A    Precaution regarding the use of portable electric light
 37    Explosive or inflammable dust, gas, etc.
 38    Precautions in case of fire
 39    Power to require specifications of defective parts or tests of stability
 40    Safety of buildings and machinery
 40-A    Maintenance of buildings
 40-B    Safety Officers
 41    Power to make rules to supplement this Chapter

Chapter IV-A - Provisions Relating To Hazardous Processes

 41-A    Constitution of Site Appraisal Committees
 41-B    Compulsory disclosure of information by the occupier
 41-C    Specific responsibility of the occupier in relation to hazardous processes
 41-D    Power of central Government to appoint Inquiry Committee
 41-E    Emergency standards
 41-F    Permissible limits of exposure of chemical and toxic substances
 41-G    Workers' participation in safety management
 41-H    Right of workers to worn about imminent danger

Chapter V - Welfare

 42    Washing facilities
 43    Facilities for storing and drying clothing
 44    Facilities for sitting
 45    First-aid appliances
 46    Canteens
 47    Shelters, rest rooms and lunch rooms
 48    Creches
 49    Welfare officers
 50    Power to make rules to supplement this Chapter

Chapter VI - Working Hours of Adults

 51    Weekly hours
 52    Weekly holidays
 53    Compensatory holidays
 54    Daily hours
 55    Intervals for rest
 56    Spreadover
 57    Night shifts
 58    Prohibition of overlapping shift
 59    Extra wages for overtime
 60    Restriction on double employment
 61    Notice of periods of work for adults
 62    Register of adult workers
 63    Hours of work to correspond with notice under Section 61 and register under Section 62
 64    Power to make exempting rules
 65    Power to make exempting orders
 66    Further restrictions on employment of women

Chapter VII - Employment of Young Persons

 67    Prohibition of employment of young children
 68    Non-adult workers to carry tokens
 69    Certificates of fitness
 70    Effect of certificate of fitness granted to adolescent
 71    Working hours for children
 72    Notice of periods of work for children
 73    Register of child workers
 74    Hours of work to correspond with notice under Section 72 and register under section 73
 75    Power to require medical examination
 76    Power to make rules
 77    Certain other provisions of law not barred

Chapter VIII - Annual Leave with Wages

 78    Application of Chapter
 79    Annual leave with wages
 80    Wages during leave period
 81    Payment in advance in certain cases
 82    Mode of recovery of unpaid wages
 83    Power to make rules
 84    Power to exempt factories

Chapter IX - Special Provisions

 85    Power to apply the Act to certain premises
 86    Power to exempt public institution
 87    Dangerous operations
 87-A    Power to prohibit employment on account of serious hazard
 88    Notice of certain accidents
 88-A    Notice of certain dangerous occurrences
 89    Notice of certain diseases
 90    Power to direct enquiry into cases of accident or disease
 91    Power to take samples
 91-A    Safety and occupational health surveys

Chapter X - Penalties and Procedure

 92    General penalty for offences
 93    Liability of owner of premises in certain circumstances
 94    Enhanced penalty after previous conviction
 95    Penalty for obstructing Inspector
 96    Penalty for wrongfully disclosing results of analyses under section 91
 96-A    Penalty for contravention of the provisions of Sections 41-B, 41-C and 41-H
 97    Offences by workers
 98    Penalty for using false certificate of fitness
 99    Penalty for permitting double employment of child
 100    Determination of occupier in certain cases
 101    Exemption of occupier or manager from liability in certain cases
 102    Power of Court to make orders
 103    Presumption as to employment
 104    Onus as to age
 104-A    Onus of proving limits of what is practicable, etc
 105    Cognizance of offence
 106    Limitation of prosecutions
 106-A    Jurisdiction of a court for entertaining proceedings, etc. for offence

Chapter XI - Supplemental

 107    Appeals
 108    Display of notices
 109    Service of notice
 110    Returns
 111    Obligations of workers
 111-A    Right of workers, etc.
 112    General power to make rules
 113    Power of Centre to give directions
 114    No charge for facilities and conveniences
 115    Publication of rules
 116    Application of Act to Government factories
 117    Protection to persons acting under this Act
 118    Restriction on disclosure of information
 118-A    Restriction on disclosure of information
 119    Act to have effect notwithstanding anything contained in Act 37 of 1970
 120    Repeal and savings
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