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THE LAW LIBRARY

FULL TEXT OF CENTRAL AND STATE ACTS AND RULES

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Act Year Type Scope Objective
   Apprentices Act 1961 Act Central The Apprentices Act seeks to provides for the regulation and control of training of apprentices, and to supplement the availability of trained technical employees for the industry. The Act requires employers to hire apprentices in certain designated trades as notified by the Government.
   Apprenticeship Rules 1992 Rule Central The Apprenticeship Rules gives effect to various provisions of the Apprentices Act
   Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and working Conditions) Act 1996 Act Central Aims to provide for regulation of employment & conditions of service of the building and other construction workers as also their safety, health and welfare measures
   Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Working Conditions) Central Rules 1998 Rule State
   Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Cess Act 1996 Act Central The Act provides for levy and collection of cess on the cost of construction incurred by employers with a view to augmenting the resources of the Building and Other Constructions Workers Welfare Board.
   Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Cess Rules 1998 Rule Central
   Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986 Act Central The Child Labour Act aims to (i) Ban the employment of children i.e. those who have not completed their fourteenth year in specified occupations and processes (ii) Lay down procedures to decide modifications to the Schedule of banned occupations or processes (iii) regulate the conditions of work of children in employments where they are not prohibited from working (iv) Lay down enhanced penalties for employment of children in employments where they are not prohibited from working (v) to obtain uniformity in the definition of child in the related laws
   Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Rules 1988 Rule State The Central Child Labour Rules have been drafted to give effect to the various provisions of the Child Labour Act.
   Code on Social Security 2020 Act Central
   Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Act 1970 Act Central The objective of the Contract Labour Act is to regulate the employment of Contract Labour in certain establishments and to provide for its abolition in certain circumstances and for manners connected therewith. The Act empowers the Central or State Governments to prohibit the employment of Contract Labour in any process or operation.
   Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Central Rules 1971 Rule State The Central Contract Labour Rules have been drafted to give effect to the various provisions of the Contract Labour Act.
   Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Central Rules - Construction and Maintenance of Creches 1971 Rule State The Contract Labour Creche Rules specifies the standard of Construction and Maintenance of Creches
   Dangerous Machines (Regulation) Act 1983 Act Central The Dangerous Machines Act provides for the regulation of trade and commerce in, and production, supply, distribution and use of, the product of any industry producing dangerous machines, with a view to securing the welfare of labour operating any such machines, and for payment of compensation for the death or bodily injury suffered by any labourer while operating any such machine.
   Dangerous Machines (Regulation) Rules 1984 Rule Central The Dangerous Machines Rules gives effect to various provisions of the Dangerous Machines Act.
   Employee State Insurance Act 1948 Act Central The ESI Act provides for the provision of benefits to employees in case of sickness, maternity and employment injury. Under the act, employees receive medical relief, cash benefits, maternity benefits, pension to dependents of deceased workers and compensation for fatal or other injuries and diseases. Payments are made through a contributory fund.
   Employee State Insurance (Central) Rules 1950 Rule Central The Employee State Insurance (Central) Rules gives effect to various provisions of the ESI Act
   Employee State Insurance (General Provident Fund) Rules 1950 Rule Central The Employee State Insurance (General Provident Fund) Rules provides for the maintenance of a Provident Fund for employees of the ESI corporation.
   Employee State Insurance (General) Regulations 1950 Rule Central The Employee State Insurance (Central) Rules gives effect to various provisions of the ESI Act
   Employees Compensation Act 1923 Act Central The act aims to provide workmen and their dependents, compensatory payment, in case of accidents arising out of and in course of employment and causing either death or disablement of workmen.
   Workmen's Compensation Rules 1924 Rule State The Workmen's Compensation Rules have been drafted to give effect to the various provisions of the Workmens Compensation Act.
   Employees Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 1952 Act Central The Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act provides for the compulsory institution of contributory provident funds, pension funds and deposit linked insurance funds for employees. The act aims to ensure a retiral benefit to secure the future of the employee after retirement.
   Employees Deposit Linked Insurance Scheme 1976 Scheme Central The Employees Deposit Linked Insurance Scheme is a Scheme under the Employees Provident Fund Act, which provides life insurance benefits to employees.
   Employees Pension Scheme 1995 Scheme Central The EPF Pension Scheme under the Employees Provident Fund Act, provides for monthly pension to employees on their superranuation, and for pensions to widows and children of employees.
   Employees Provident Fund Scheme 1952 Scheme Central The Employees Provident Fund Scheme under the Employees Provident Fund Act, the scheme lays down the amount and manner of employer and employee contributions to a Provident Fund.
   Employers Liability Act 1938 Act Central The Employers Liability Act aims to ensure that certain defences shall not be raised in suits for damages in respect of injuries sustained by workmen
   Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act 1959 Act Central The Employment Exchanges Act aims to provide for compulsory notification of vacancies to employment exchanges.The Act stipulates that every establishment in public sector in that State or area, before filling up any vacancy in any employment in establishment, notify that vacancy to such Employment Exchanges as may be prescribed.
   Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Rules 1960 Rule Central The Employment Exchanges Rules gives effect to various provisions of the Employment Exchanges Act
   Equal Remuneration Act 1976 Act Central The Equal Remuneration Act act provides for payment of equal remuneration to men and women workers, for the same work and prevents discrimination on the grounds of sex against women in the matter of employment, recruitment and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. This Act was promulgated to give effect to Article 39 of the Constitution which envisages that State shall direct its policy, among other things, towards securing that: there is equal pay for equal work for both men and women.
   Equal Remuneration Rules 1976 Rule Central The Equal Remuneration Rules gives effect to various provisions of the Equal Remuneration Act
   Factories Act 1948 Act Central The Factories Act provides for the health, safety, welfare, service conditions and other aspects of workers in factories. The Act is enforced by the State Government who frame rules that ensure that local conditions are reflected in enforcement. The Act as amended in 1987 also regulates the safeguards to be adopted for the use and handling of hazardous substances.
   Fatal Accidents Act 1855 Act Central The main object of the Fatal Accidents Act is to provide compensation to families for loss occasioned by the death of a person caused by actionable wrong. According to the preamble of the Act " Whereas no action or suit is now maintainable in any Court against a person who, by his wrongful act, neglect or default, may have caused the death of another person, and it is often times right and expedient that the wrongdoer in such case should be answerable in damages for the injury so caused by him" Thus the Act sets tortious liability on the wrongdoer.
   Industrial Disputes (Banking and Insurance Companies) Act 1949 Act Central This act has been repealed and is maintained for historic reasons
   Industrial Disputes Act 1947 Act Central The objective of the Industrial Disputes Act is to secure industrial peace and harmony by providing machinery and procedure for the investigation and settlement of industrial disputes by negotiations.

The Act also lays down

(a) The provision for payment of compensation to the Workman on account of closure or lay off or retrenchment.
(b) The procedure for prior permission of appropriate Government for laying off or retrenching the workers or closing down industrial establishments
(c) Unfair labour practices on part of an employer or a trade union or workers.
   Industrial Disputes (Banking and Insurance Companies) Act 1949 Act Central This act has been repealed and is maintained for historic reasons
   The Industrial Disputes (Central) Rules 1957 Rule State The Industrial Disputes (Central) Rules have been drafted to give effect to the various provisions of the Industrial Disputes Act.
   Industrial Employment and Standing Orders Act 1946 Act Central The Standing Orders Act requires employers to clearly define and publish standing orders(service rules) and to make them known to the workmen employed by them.
   Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Central Rules 1946 Rule State The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Central Rules have been drafted to give effect to the various provisions of the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act.
   Inter-State Migrant Workmen Act 1979 Act Central The objective of the Act is to regulate the employment of Inter-State Migrant Workmen, to safe guard their interest and to provide for their conditions of service and for matters connected there with.
   Inter-State Migrant Workmen Central Rules 1980 Rule State
   Labour Laws (Exemption from Furnishing Returns and Maintaining Registers by Certain Establishments) Act 1988 Act Central The Labour Laws (Exemption from Furnishing Returns and Maintaining Registers by Certain Establishments) Act provides for the exemption from furnishing returns and mantaining registers under certain labour laws for employers in establishments employing a small number of people.
   Maternity Benefit Act 1961 Act Central The Maternity Benefit Act aims to regulate the employment of women in certain establishments for certain periods before and after child-birth and to provide for maternity benefits including maternity leave, wages, bonus, nursing breaks etc.
   Mines Act 1952 Act Central The Mines Act governs the employment of labour in mines, and provides for safe and proper working conditions.
   Minimum Wages Act 1948 Act Central The Minimum Wages Act was formulated to provide for fixing minimum rates of wages in certain employments. The Act also governs certain service conditions such as working hours, weekly rest days and payment of overtime for employees covered under the act.
   Minimum Wages (Central) Rules 1950 Rule State The Minimum Wages Central Rules have been drafted to give effect to the various provisions of the Minimum Wages Act.
   Motor Transport Workers Act 1961 Act Central This Act provides for the welfare of motor transport workers and to regulate the conditions of their work
   Payment of Bonus Act 1965 Act Central The object of the Payment of Bonus Actis to provide for the payment of bonus (linked with profit or productivity) to persons employed in certain establishments and matters connected therewith.
   Payment of Bonus(Amenment) Act 1995 Act Central
   Payment of Bonus Rules 1975 Rule Central The Payment of Bonus Rules gives effect to various provisions of the Payment of Bonus Act.
   Payment of Bonus(Amenment) Act 1995 Act Central
   Payment of Gratuity Act 1972 Act Central The Payment of Gratuity Act provides for a scheme for the payment of gratuity to employees engaged in factories, mines, oilfields, plantations, ports, railway companies, shops or other establishments. The Act enforces the payment of gratuity, a reward for long service, as a statutory retiral benefit.
   Payment of Gratuity (Central) Rules 1972 Rule State The Central Gratuity Rules have been drafted to give effect to the various provisions of the Payment of Gratuity Act.
   Payment of Wages Act 1936 Act Central The Payment of Wages Act aims at regulating the payment of wages to certain classes of employed persons. It provides for the imposition of fines and deductions and lays down wage periods and time and mode of payment of wages. Thus the Act ensures payment of wages in a particular form at regular intervals without unauthorised deductions.
   Payment of Wages (Air Transport Services) Rules 1968 Rule Central
   Payment of Wages (Manner of Recovery of Excess Deductions) Rules 1966 Rule Central
   The Payment of Wages (Nomination) Rules 2009 Rule Central
   Plantations Labour Act 1951 Act Central The Plantations Labour Act governs the employment of labour in Plantations, and provides for safe and proper working conditions.
   Sales Promotion Employees (Conditions Of Service) Act 1976 Act Central The objective of the The Sales Promotion Employees (Conditions Of Service) Act is to regulate certain conditions of service of sales promotion in certain establishments.
   Sales Promotion Employees (Conditions of Service) Rules 1976 Rule Central The Sales Promotion Employees Rules gives effect to various provisions of the Sales Promotion Employees Act.
   Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act 2013 Act Central An Act to provide protection against sexual harassment of women at workplace and for the prevention and redressal of complaints of sexual harassment and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
WHEREAS sexual harassment results in violation of the fundamental rights of a woman to equality under articles 14 and 15 of the Constitution oflndia and her right to life and to live with dignity under article 21 of the Constitution and right to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade or business which includes a right to a safe environment free from sexual harassment;
AND WHEREAS the protection against sexual harassment mid the right to work with dignity are universally recognised human rights by international conventions and instruments such as Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women, which has been ratified on the 25th June, 1993 by the Government of India:
   Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace(Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Rules 2013 Rule Central
   The Code on Wages Act, 2019 2019 Act Central
   The Indian Boilers Act 1923 Act Central To regulate the licencing and use of boilers in Industry
   The Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code 2020 Act Central
   The Private Security Agencies (Regulation) Act 2005 Act Central
   Private Security Agencies Central Model Rules 2006 Rule State
   The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019 2019 Act Central
   The Weekly Holidays Act 1942 Act Central The Weekly Holidays Act provides for grant of weekly holidays to persons employed in shops, restaurants and theatres.
   Trade Unions Act 1926 Act Central The Trade Unions Act, 1926 provides for registration of trade unions (including association of employers) with a view to render lawful organisation of labour to enable collective bargaining. The act also confers certain protection and privileges on a registered trade union.
   Unorganised Workers Social Security Act 2008 Act Central
   The Unorganised Workers Social Security Rules 2009 Rule Central
   Working Journalists and Other Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 1955 Act Central The Working Journalists Act aims to regulate certain conditions of service of working journalists and other persons employed in newspaper establishments.
   Working Journalists (Fixation of Rates of Wages) Act 1958 Rule Central The Working Journalists (Fixation of Rates of Wages) Act provides for the fixation of Rates of Wages of Working Journalists by a wage board
   Working Journalists (Conditions of Service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Rules 1957 Rule Central The Working Journalists Rules gives effect to various provisions of the Working Journalists Act.